Best Buy Fiber Optic Cable Guide

July 23, 2021

When we setting up a new optical communication network, the first thing we need to decide is what kind of fiber optic cable will be needed.

HOC (Hone Optical Communications) has 19+ years experiences of optical communications and we have helped more than 270 clients with fiber optic cabling. Let’s get started!

Best Buy Fiber Optic Cable Guide

Fiber optic cables have different types and structures according to the construction environment, optical fiber type, applications, raw material requirements and mechanical performance requirements. And all these result with different fiber optic cable price.

Transmission Type

Common fiber types can be divided into single-mode fiber and multimode fiber according to transmission mode. In terms of transmission performance, single-mode transmission system is better than multi-mode transmission system.

Performance & Cost

However, in the current optical communication system, not only the performance, but also the cost of the system should be considered. In aspect of cost, the price of single-mode optical cable is lower than that of multi-mode optical cable. While for optical devices such as light source, optical receiver and optical connector, the multi-mode system is much cheaper than the single-mode system.

Application Field

Therefore, there are different emphases in different application fields. For example, in the long-distance trunk line system, the amount of fiber optic cable is large, and the requirements for transmission performance are high, so the single-mode transmission system is mostly used.

In the cabling system near end user terminal, such as buildings, the amount of optical distribution devices is often large. And the transmission performance of multi-mode transmission system can also meet the needs of user’s high-density communication. So multi-mode transmission system is often used in this case.

Cabling Environment

From the perspective of use scenarios, common optical cables are divided into indoor fiber optic cable, outdoor fiber optic cable, and special application fiber optic cable, such as submarine fiber optic cable, mining fiber optic cable and power line fiber optic cable.

Installation Types

It is also important to make sure how you want to install the fiber optic cable in this optical network. Normal installation methods are Duct, Direct burial, and Aerial. Different installation methods require certain specification for the fiber cable.

Cable Structure

According to the different needs of each scenario, the structure and material of optical cable varies. The common structures of indoor optical cable are indoor simplex fiber optic cable, duplex fiber optic cable and butterfly cable. The general structures of outdoor optical cables include loose tube layer stranded fiber cable, uni-tube fiber optic cables and ribbon optical cables. Other properties such as reinforcement, armor, waterproof and flame retardant require certain structures and materials.


It can be seen from the above that the material and structure of each kind of fiber optic cable are different. The size of the outer diameter and the use of materials are also very different. So, the parameters and structure of the optical cable need to be clear before calculating the fiber optic cable price.

Do you find answers on how to buy fiber optic cable? Contact us directly for further discussion and questions!

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Tony Lau is technical manager and co-founder at HOC. He loves writing about content optical fiber communications, specializes in fiber optic cables, FTTH turnkey solutions, ADSS cable, and ODN networks.

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